اخبار سوريا اليوم – وطن نيوز
سوريا اليوم – اخبار سوريا عاجل
W6nnews.com ==== وطن === تاريخ النشر – 2023-12-05 13:58:40
There is a significant segment that believes that the Hamas movement does not value the human lives lost every moment as a result of its ill-considered attack on Israeli sites. Iran instructed it to carry out this attack and gave it soft-spoken statements indicating that it would support it. But as soon as it began the attack on the Gaza Strip as an Israeli response, Iran withdrew its hand from all guarantees and aid, leaving Gaza a scene of scenes of killing, destruction, and human devastation.
In their view, Hamas only knows death and does not believe in the sanctity of life. It does not care about the safety of the human lives of its citizens. All it seeks is to satisfy its artificial political ego by shedding Palestinian blood.
Last October 7, Hamas fighters launched a surprise attack on southern Israel, killing 1,300 civilians and taking 150 hostage. In response, Israel launched a brutal, unprecedented attack on the Gaza Strip, which led to the deaths of more than 16,000 Palestinians, 35,000 injured, and the number of missing persons in the events in the Strip reached 6,000, including 1,700 children.
Not only that, but 56,000 housing units were completely destroyed, 240,000 homes were partially destroyed, and 60 percent of the infrastructure was destroyed, including the communications network, causing an Internet outage and isolating the residents of the Gaza Strip from the outside world.
The return of war
Following the continuation of the war on Gaza, it has become clear beyond doubt that the situation in Gaza and the West Bank is taking a dangerous turn, which portends a major political and security crisis in the Middle East, while the humanitarian catastrophe and war crimes against civilians in the Gaza Strip continue to emerge.
With the end of the truce between Israel and Hamas last Friday morning, and the resumption of military operations, Palestinian men, women and children began to flee again in large numbers. At exactly seven o’clock local time, Israel resumed the bombing operations it had launched continuously for seven weeks before the truce.
The resumption of hostilities in Gaza is disastrous,” he said, urging all parties and countries with influence to immediately redouble efforts to ensure a ceasefire on humanitarian and human rights grounds.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Türk
In an appeal for a permanent ceasefire, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) described inaction on Gaza as consent to the killing of children, and James Elder, spokesman for UNICEF, told reporters via video link from Gaza: “A permanent ceasefire must be implemented.” “.
Is Hamas responsible for the catastrophic situation?
The state of war and suffering that Gaza is experiencing now is seen by the largest segment of people interviewed by Al-Hal Net as falling undisputedly on the responsibility of Hamas. Therefore, Hamas must search for ways to end the war in Gaza for many reasons that now indicate that it must end. War soon.
Nabil Karroum, head of the Rabat Center for Strategic Studies and Research, confirmed in his statement to Al-Hal Net that Hamas must seek to obtain a long-term truce, for several reasons that have become urgent, including:
First: achieving stability. The goal of obtaining a long-term truce could be to achieve stability in the region and reduce the level of tension and violence.
Second: Improving living conditions, and here they may have a desire to improve the living conditions of the population in the Gaza Strip by achieving a truce that allows the implementation of reconstruction and development projects.
Third: For the sake of dialogue and settlement, a long-term truce may be part of efforts to begin a dialogue process with other parties and reach a political settlement.
Fourth: Guarantees for a truce depend on the potential agreements and conditions that are negotiated. Among the guarantees that the parties to the conflict may request is international monitoring, as the presence of international monitoring may provide a mechanism to monitor and ensure the implementation of the agreement.
Fifth: Improving the lives of the population, as improving living conditions for civilians is a basic condition for the truce.
Sixth: Stopping the sanctions, as part of the agreement could be setting conditions for lifting or easing international sanctions on the region.
Seventh: Political talks. Here it is pointed out that the agreement to start political talks to resolve the root issues is part of the guarantees.
It is estimated that up to 1.8 million people in Gaza, or nearly 80 percent of the population, are internally displaced. However, obtaining an accurate count is a challenge; Due to difficulties in tracking IDPs residing with host families and those who returned to their homes during the suspension period but remained registered in UNRWA and other shelters.
On the health level, due to overcrowding and poor sanitary conditions in UNRWA shelters in the south, there have been significant increases in some infectious diseases and conditions such as diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, skin infections, and hygiene-related conditions. There are also initial reports of disease outbreaks, including hepatitis. .
War is the goal of Benjamin Netanyahu
On the other hand, “Hamas” must know that the continuation of the war increases the chances of survival of the current government in Israel, as Israeli society holds Netanyahu responsible for the war on Gaza because this war is the result of a policy pursued by his government, which worked to consolidate the Palestinian division by strengthening the “Hamas” movement. “By managing the conflict with it and turning a blind eye to its activity, and in return weakening the Palestinian Authority with the aim of preventing the establishment of a Palestinian state.
The continuation of the war is also in Netanyahu’s interest. Because war is his way of escaping simulation, experts link the crisis facing the ruling Likud Party in Israel to the possibility of “deliberately” prolonging the ongoing war in Gaza. To save the party leader, Benjamin Netanyahu, from accountability for his political “mistakes.”
Political analysts in Israel and the United States also attribute the deterioration of the Likud Party’s popularity and the further threat to its political future. As a result of Netanyahu’s ambitions, which they said prompted him to exclude anyone who dreamed of becoming prime minister as his successor; This led to the party being emptied of the suitable “heirs” to win in upcoming elections.
Therefore, the Israeli political arena will search for a scapegoat since it cannot hold the military institution accountable by holding it responsible for the failure despite it being a military failure, so Netanyahu and a large part of his government will be the scapegoat to please the people.
An opinion poll conducted by researchers at Bar-Ilan University asked Israelis about confidence in information and decision-making regarding the war in Gaza. Accordingly, the results show that less than 4 percent trust Netanyahu; Therefore, continuing the war creates a kind of calming of the situation inside Israel and works to prolong Netanyahu’s government in exchange for a huge loss of Palestinian human lives.
The Palestinians do not trust Hamas
What happened in the Gaza Strip will definitively eliminate the remnants of Hamas’ popularity among the Palestinians. Because an estimated 1.4 million people in Gaza have become internally displaced, with approximately 629,000 people seeking refuge in 150 emergency shelters of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
UNRWA also reported that 67 United Nations employees were killed as a result of the Israeli bombing in Gaza, and the UN experts said: “The Palestinian people in Gaza, especially women, children, people with disabilities, youth and the elderly, have suffered for decades of hardship and deprivation, due to Hamas’ reckless actions.” Which seeks only to remain in power.”
In this context, Krome points out that despite the consequences of what happened on October 7, it is difficult to accurately judge the opinions of the entire Palestinian people. Some Palestinians may be satisfied with Hamas’ policy and see it as an effort to defend the rights of the Palestinian people, but There are also Palestinians who differ in their views on the policies and tactics followed by Hamas.
Meanwhile, the American-Palestinian researcher Amani Jamal, a professor at Princeton University, concluded that two-thirds of the residents of the Gaza Strip, who have been subjected to a siege imposed by Israel since 2007 after Hamas took control of the Strip, do not trust the ability of the Hamas movement, which they accuse of “tyranny.” And “corruption” to improve their fate.
In an opinion poll conducted by researcher Amani Jamal, with her colleague Michael Robbins, in the “Arab Barometer” project, which conducts social investigations and opinion polls on the extent of Palestinians’ true opinion of Hamas, it was found that before the October 7 attacks, 67 percent of The Palestinians of Gaza do not trust, or rarely trust, Hamas.
Changing international positions
Hamas’s responsibility does not end with the catastrophic situation in Gaza, but also extends to changing international policy positions towards what is happening in Palestine, especially after what happened on October 7.
The Critical Issues Poll, conducted by the University of Maryland in cooperation with Ipsos, asked several questions that focused on the role of the United States and the Biden administration’s perception of Gaza. Accordingly, it appeared that public opinion regarding American policy in dealing with the Israeli-Palestinian issue remained divided along partisan lines.
However, the level of support for Israel increased from 13.7 percent last June to 30.9 percent in October, specifically after the “Al-Aqsa Flood” operation.
On the other hand, the continuation of the war in Gaza represents an effective factor in the upcoming US elections, as the Biden administration has adopted the Israeli narrative regarding the events of October 7, that it faces an existential threat and ISIS terrorism from the Palestinian factions who beheaded children and raped women.
Although the Biden administration has modified its political discourse towards the importance of protecting civilians and respecting humanitarian law, and the necessity of reaching a humanitarian truce to bring in aid, exit the injured and dual nationals, and release hostages, it comes within the framework of an attempt to accommodate the increasing pressure on it due to the catastrophic humanitarian situation in Gaza.
Therefore, the war may be in the interest of the current Israeli government, and in the interest of many parties in international politics, for example Iran, which is trying to play an imaginary and false role, but it is not in the interest of the Palestinian citizens and is not in the interest of the leadership in Hamas.
That is why a significant number of the displaced people of Gaza believe that Hamas leaders must take action to stop this war, which will be one of the reasons that will lead to its elimination, especially since reliance on Iran and its axis has become forgotten after 60 days of war, which in turn led to the exclusion of… The Arab project that served the Palestinian cause without trading in it.
Under the glare of rockets: “Hamas” writes the story of death and devastation in Gaza?
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